Protecting the health and safety of anyone taking a medication is of utmost importance. That’s why agencies such as the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) exist making this a high priority to remain vigilant on communicating to the public about potential health risks of certain medications.
Both men and women can have potential harmful side effects from certain medications, prescribed or over-the-counter (OTC). For men, there are many medications that can pose adverse effects to their health.
However, all men who use consistently any prescription or OTC medications should address questions or concerns by discussing with their doctor the possibility of side effects and long-term safety.
Here is a list of certain medications, both prescribed and OTC, possibly causing unwanted and unnecessary side effects:
Diuretics and Beta Blockers
Both diuretics and beta blockers are commonly used to treat high blood pressure. Diuretics are meant to increase urination in order to reduce the amount of fluid retention in the body, leading to lowered blood pressure. This same drug may also relax muscles in the circulatory system which may decrease the blood flow to the penis necessary for an erection
Beta blockers work by blocking certain receptors in the nervous system. Epinephrine, also known as adrenaline, is a powerful stress hormone and neurotransmitter produced by the adrenal glands. This neurotransmitter can constrict blood vessels causing blood to be pumped more forcefully. But beta blockers blocking this receptor may also interfere with a man’s ability to get an erection.
This medication is a combination of a benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH) agent and an alpha-blocker used in men to treat the symptoms of an enlarged prostate.
However, it has the potential for causing sexual side effects for men such as reduced libido, ejaculation problems, impotence, and a reduction in the amount of semen. Another possible concerning side effect is the increased risk of high-grade prostate cancer.
Here is another blood pressure lowering medication commonly prescribed for patients. Men who have been prescribed norvasc should be aware that although, rare, it can lead to gynecomastia or breast development or enlargement in boys.
Prinivil (generic name lisinopril) is a long-acting angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor used to treat hypertension, heart failure, and as a supportive treatment in patients with a myocardial infarction (heart attack).
This medication may also cause erectile dysfunction in men and in rare cases, has been linked to liver damage.
This medication is an antipsychotic drug often prescribed for the treatment of schizophrenia, psychotic episodes of bipolar disorder, and other mental illnesses. While risperdal can be effective in treating these disorders, men and boys on this drug, should be aware of the potential side of gynecomastia before starting treatment.
Over-the-counter cold and allergy medications
For men suffering from BPH – an enlarged prostate – they may want to curtail any frequent use of popular nonprescription cold and allergy medications that contain decongestants.
Decongestants can cause the bladder neck to contract, restricting urine flow possibly leading to a complete closure of the bladder opening causing acute urinary retention. Short-term use of these medications is unlikely to cause a significant problem but chronic use should be avoided.
Antihistamines also can cause problems as they may interfere with the ability of the bladder to contract.
Male enhancement products sold through Amazon and eBay
On July 2021, the FDA issued notifying Amazon and eBay about its distribution of sexual enhancement products found to be potentially dangerous.
Many of these products were found to have hidden ingredients possibly posing a significant health risk to men. The FDA testing facilities found active pharmaceutical ingredients not listed on their labels, including some ingredients found in prescription drugs. These products may cause potential serious side effects and may interact with medications or dietary supplements men may be taking.
Dr. David Samadi is the Director of Men’s Health and Urologic Oncology at St. Francis Hospital in Long Island. He’s a renowned and highly successful board certified Urologic Oncologist Expert and Robotic Surgeon in New York City, regarded as one of the leading prostate surgeons in the U.S., with a vast expertise in prostate cancer treatment and Robotic-Assisted Laparoscopic Prostatectomy. Dr. Samadi is a medical contributor to NewsMax TV and is also the author of The Ultimate MANual, Dr. Samadi’s Guide to Men’s Health and Wellness, available online both on Amazon and Barnes & Noble. Visit Dr. Samadi’s websites at robotic oncolo gy and prostate cancer 911.